Cameroon

Overview

Cameroon is a lower-middle-income country with a population of 23.3 million people. The country’s economy is relatively diversified with services contributing around 40 percent. Cameroon’s oil reserves and favorable agricultural output make it one of the most resource-rich and resilient primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Also, Cameroon’s other natural resources include high value timber species, minerals, cotton, maize, cassava, cocoa, and coffee. Since 1990, a series of reforms and programs backed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank have helped Cameroon facilitate efficiency in agriculture, spur trade, attract foreign investment, and recapitalize the banks.

Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)

Principal language: French, English

Government: Unitary Presidential Republic

Capital City: Yaoundé

Major Cities: Douala, Garoua, Kousséri, Bamenda

Employment Contracts

Employment contracts are stipulated under the Section 24 of Law No. 92/007. Employment contracts can be either fixed-term or unspecified. Fixed-term contracts’ termination date is fixed in advance by both parties and can’t be renewed for more than two years. The contracts are considered fixed-term but non-renewable if:

  • The contract’s termination depends on the occurrence which is certain and is precisely indicated but doesn’t depend on the will of the parties
  • The contract is intended for executing a particular task

Employment contracts which can be terminated any time and have no fixed termination date are called unspecified period contracts. Probationary hiring wherein both employers and employees agree to the employee’s efficiency assessment, wages, living and working conditions, safety and hygiene conditions must be in writing and should not exceed six months.

Work/Time Regulations

Employees can’t work for more than 40 hours in a week. Work done between10 p.m. and 6 a.m. is considered night work. Employees are entitled to at least 24-hour period in a week which can’t be replaced by any form of compensation.

Overtime
The National Labor Law stipulates that employees who work overtime must be paid overtime but doesn’t mention specific amount. The National Trade Collective Agreement specifies that who work overtime during the day are entitled to 150 percent of their regular pay while those who work overtime during nights are entitled to 200 percent of their regular pay.

Leave

Holidays
The following national holidays are observed in Cameroon:

  • Jan. 1: New Year's Day
  • Feb. 11: Youth Day
  • March 8: International Women's Day
  • Good Friday
  • May 1: Labor Day
  • Ascension Day
  • May 20: National Day
  • Djoulde Soumae / Korite (End of Ramadan)
  • Aug. 15 Assumption Day
  • Djoulde Laihadji / Tabaski (Feast of Sacrifice)
  • Dec. 25: Christmas

Full-time employees receive entire pay on holidays.

Annual Leave
After one year of employment, employees are entitled to 1.5 days of annual leave for each month of employment. After completing 5 years’ of service, employees qualify to receive an additional 2 days leave per month. Employees who have accumulated more than 12 days’ leave may split their leaves.

Maternity Leave
Pregnant employees are entitled to 14 weeks of maternity leave out of which 4 weeks can be taken before the expected date of delivery. Maternity leave can be extended by 6 weeks in case of a pregnancy-related illness. If the child is born before the expected date of delivery, the rest period is extended accordingly so that the employee receives the full 14 weeks of leave. If the child is born before the expected date of delivery, the prenatal leave is extended without any reduction in the maternity leave’s duration. Employees are paid 100 percent of their last monthly wages for 4 weeks before and 10 weeks after the expected date of delivery. These 10 weeks can be extended to 13 weeks if any complications arise due to pregnancy or childbirth.

Special Leave
Employees are entitled to 10 days of paid special leave for attending family-related events directly associated with their home.

Sick Leave
Employees are entitled to at least 5 days’ of paid sick leave every year. If an employee gets injured or ill at work, the employer is to bear the medical expenses.

Paternity Leave
Fathers can use their paid family leave (10 days) for paternity leave.

Benefits

Old Age Pension
Employees aged 60 with a minimum 20 years of coverage and 180 months of contributions that includes 60 months in the previous 10 year qualify for old-age pension. The contribution rate toward social security has been increased to 4.2% from 2.8% of the monthly salary while the ceiling for social security contributions has been increased to 750,000 CFA Francs from 300,000 CFA Francs.

Employers are required to contribute 4.2% of their covered payroll toward social security system.

Disability Benefit
Employees aged less than 60 qualify for disability benefit if they have:

  • a minimum of 66.7% of assessed degree of disability and
  • at least 5 years coverage
  • at least 6 months of contributions in the previous year

Constant attendance supplement is paid if the employee needs the constant attendance of others to perform work. The disability pension is replaced by an equivalent old-age pension including any constant supplement at the normal retirement age.

Survivor Benefits
Eligible survivors of the deceased include widow/widower, children aged less than 14 (18 if an apprentice and 21 if disabled or a student), and dependent parents. Survivors are entitled to receive benefits if the deceased was receiving pension, qualified for disability or old-age pension, and had at least 180 months of coverage at the time of death. Widows/Widowers are entitled to 50 percent of the deceased’s old-age pension but cease to receive pension if they remarry.

How GPS can Help

With our Global PEO/Employer of Record services, companies can expand into Cameroon and hire their employees without having to establish a branch office or subsidiary in Cameroon.

  • Your candidate is hired via our Cameroon PEO. If needed, we can also help you find the right talent in any country with our comprehensive global staffing services.
  • Your new employee begins work quickly as we take care of employment contracts, statutory and non-statutory benefits, and running their payroll - all in full compliance with Cameroon laws.
  • Global PEO Services experts manage all day-to-day operational issues such as employee expenses, and severance/termination if required.
  • With no contractor risks, pass on the compliance burden to Global PEO Services.

Spin Off/M&A Support

  • Ensure continuity of payroll, benefits and HR support when acquiring or spinning off a business with employees overseas.

24/7 Support in 100+ Countries

  • Empower your teams with 24/7 support and a single point-of-contact model in which experienced client services directors are in continuous communication with information and advice.
  • We are backed by a mix of 300+ multidisciplinary experts from HR, Payroll, Finance, Tax, and Legal domains who are ready to respond to the expected and unexpected needs of your business on the shortest notice.

Easy Visibility into Your Employee Time & Attendance and Benefits Data
With our Global PEO, you get access to Mihi, our proprietary SaaS solution for time and attendance, vacation, leave management and benefits enrollment and managements. Mihi enables clients to have easy access to employee data in real time. It is designed specifically for companies with a global workforce, especially when working in multiple countries with low headcounts.

Ready for Growth When You Are
When ready, we can seamlessly transition you from the PEO/EOR model to your own legal entity and provide ongoing international HR, finance, legal, compliance and staffing support. Lean more about our end-to-end international expansion services.